Argentina: Light-duty: Emissions

Overview

Argentine light-duty vehicles had to comply with Euro 5a standards as of January 1, 2013. This applied to new models, and by 2015 incorporated all models.

Standard type
Conventional pollutant emission limits

Regulating Body
Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable – Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

Current Standard

New vehicle models: Euro 5a (Resolución 1448/2012)

Existing vehicle models: Euro 4

Applicability
All vehicles with a reference mass not exceeding 2610 kg

History

When emissions regulations for both light- and heavy-duty vehicles in Argentina first became effective in 1994, they were loosely based on European regulations. Historically, passenger cars in Argentina could also be emissions-certified (homologated) using an alternative option of certifying the car engine to the light commercial vehicles (LCV) emission standards. However, since 2004, Argentinian standards have been based on European light-duty vehicle emission regulations. Since 2006 (Resolution 731/2005 [2766]), Argentinian emissions regulations for both light- and heavy-duty vehicles incorporate European emission limits and test methods by reference (i.e., the emission limits are those of the referenced EU regulations, as opposed to limits that are the numerically equivalent).

The implementation of Euro 4 and Euro 5 emission standards were set to take place in 2009 and 2012, respectively, by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development through Resolution No 35. However, subsequent resolutions(Resolution No1800/2011 and Resolution No 1434/2011) delayed the implementation of these standards.

As of 1 January 2013, Resolution No 1448/2012 requires that light-duty engines of all fuel types must comply with Euro 5a (European Regulation 715/2007 and 692/2008).

Technical Standards

Emission standards for new passenger cars in Argentina are summarized below.

Emission Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles
Year Reference Standard CO HC NOx PM
g/km
1994 24.0 2.1 2.0
1996 12.0 1.2 1.4 0.373
1998 6.2 0.5 1.43 0.16*
2000 2.0 0.3 0.6 0.124
2004 Euro 2
20071 Euro 3
20092 Euro 4
20133 Euro 5
Notes:
* 0.31 g/km for vehicles above 1700 kg
1. New models; 2009 for all models
2. New models; 2011 for all models
3. New models; 2015 for all models

The limits for 2007 and later light-duty vehicles established by Resolución 731/2005 are those of European Directive 1998/69/ECStage A and B, and the European Directive 1998/77/EC contains the required methodology; compliance with the low-temperature Type VI test is not required. The application of modifications in the methodology for evaporative emissions (Type IV test) established by European Directive 1998/69/EC, as well as the requirement for OBD systems, began on 1 January 2008.

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