Vietnam: Fuels: Diesel and Gasoline

Overview

 

Standard type
Fuel quality standards
Regulating Body

The Ministry of Transport and Department of Environment are responsible for developing fuel efficiency standards, and the Vietnam Registry is responsible for implementation.

Current Standard
Euro IV
Applicability
Gasoline, diesel and kerosene sold on the market

History

The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) is responsible for regulating the National technical regulation on gasoline, diesel fuels, and biofuels. QCVN: 1:2015/BKHCN regulates the limits for technical standards, quality, safety, health, and environmental protection of vehicle fuels. In addition, MOST is primarily responsible for managing, measuring, and controlling the quality of produced, imported, and circulated fuels in the market.

As of June 2022, MOST was in the process of developing technical regulations on gasoline, diesel fuel, and biofuels to comply with the Euro 5 fuel standards.

Technical Standards

The table below shows specifications for unleaded gasoline levels 2, 3, and 4 that comply with Euro 2, 3, and 4 in the country.

Characteristics Unit Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Testing Method
Research Octane Number RON (min) 90/92/95 92/95/98

92/95/98

 

ASTM D 2699
Lead g/l (max) 0.013 0.013 0.005 ASTM D 3237
Distillation
10% vol. Evaporation C (max) 70 70

70

 

ASTM D 86
50% vol. evaporation max 120 120-170

120-170

 

90% vol. evaporation 190 190

190

 

Final Boiling point 215 210

210

 

Residue 2 2 2
Sulfur mg/kg(max) 500 150 50 ASTM D 2622 or ASTM D 5453
Benzene %v/v (max) 2.5 2.5 1 ASTM D 5580 or ASTM D 3606
Aromatics

%v/v (max)

 

40 40 40 ASTM D 1319
Olefins

%v/v (max)

 

38 30 30

ASTM D 1319

 

Oxygen %m/m (max) 2.7 2.7 2.7 ASTM D 4815
Metal Content (Fe, Mn, etc.) mg/l (max) 5 5 5 ASTM D 3831
Visual appearance   Clear, no layering, no impurities

Clear, no layering, no impurities

 

Clear, no layering, no impurities

 

ASTM D 4176

Availability of Euro 5 fuels

At the beginning of 2022, Petrolimex (Vietnam National Petroleum Group) began to offer Euro 5 complying fuel at some of their gasoline stations in three of the county’s major cities, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, and Da Nang. In the scope of the whole country, these offerings are still somewhat limited, and there are no regulations in place to mandate the offering of Euro 5 fuels.

 

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