Singapore: Feebate

Overview

The Singapore Feebate is a system under which more efficient vehicles are offered rebates while less efficient vehicles have fees assessed against them. New cars and taxis with low carbon emissions can receive anywhere from $5,000 to $20,000 SGD, while new cars and taxis with high emissions can incur a surcharge with a similar range. Singapore requires clear labeling in order to distinguish low vs. high emission vehicles.

History

On 28 November 2012, Singapore introduced a feebate scheme for low carbon vehicles. The Carbon Emissions-based Vehicle Scheme(CEVS) was implemented on 1 January 2013, replacing the existing Green Vehicle Rebate (GVR) scheme that expired on 31 December 2012. The GVR scheme was introduced in 2001 to encourage purchasing green vehicles. Electric, hybrid and compressed natural gas vehicles are given a rebate of up to 40% of the vehicle’s Open Market Value (OMV) which is offset against the vehicle’s Additional Registration Fee (ARF).

In a feebate program, more efficient vehicles receive rebates and less-efficient vehicles are assessed fees. For more information, see ICCT’s Best Practices for Feebate Program Design and Implementation.

Program Details

Banding

The CEVS is broken into different emission levels and implementation periods.

Vehicles with low carbon emissions

  • All new cars, taxis, and imported used cars registered from 1 January 2013 with low carbon emissions less than or equal to 160g carbon dioxide emissions per kilometer (CO2/km) qualify for rebates between $5,000 and $20,000 (SGD), which will be offset against the ARF.
  • Taxi companies that adopt low emission models for their taxi fleet will qualify for rebates between $7,500 and $30,000 (SGD). The rebate for taxis is set at 50% higher compared to cars to encourage taxi companies to adopt lower emission models for their fleet, as taxis generally have higher mileage and thus typically emit more CO2 per year than cars.
  • Since non-Euro V-compliant diesel models emit significantly more fine particulate matter, they will not qualify for the ARF rebates under CEVS even if they fall within the rebate emission bands. This applies to both diesel cars and diesel taxis.

Vehicles with high carbon emissions

  • All new cars, taxis, and imported used cars registered from 1 July 2013 with high carbon emissions equal to or more than 211 CO2/km incur a corresponding registration surcharge between $5,000 and $20,000 (SGD).
  • Registration surcharges for taxi models with high carbon emission are set 50% higher (between $7,500 and $30,000) since that taxis generally clock higher mileage than cars.
  • Diesel models, whether Euro V-compliant or not, that fall within the surcharge bands will incur the appropriate registration surcharge. This applies to both diesel cars and diesel taxis.
CEVS Bandings
Band Emissions*
CO2/km
Rebate, from 1 Jan 2013
SGD
Surcharge, from 1 July 2013
SGD
Cars Taxis Cars Taxis
A1 0 – 100 $20,000 $30,000
A2 101 – 120 $15,000 $22,500
A3 121 – 140 $10,000 $15,000
A4 141 – 160 $5,000 $7,500
B 161 – 210 $0 $0 $0 $0
C1 211 – 230 $5,000 $7,500
C2 231 – 250 $10,000 $15,000
C3 251 – 270 $15,000 $22,500
C4 ≥271 $20,000 $30,000
*CO2/km bandings based on performance data from standard test cycles

Labeling

To help car buyers make informed decisions, the CO2/km performance data for each car model is available on mandatory Fuel Economy Label (FEL) information labels affixed on cars that are on sale in showrooms. The label, which carries Singapore’s Land Transport Authority’s (LTA) logo, is required to be affixed on cars and light goods vehicles (LGVs) that have been approved from 1 July 2012 and are displayed for sale.

The new label highlights the model’s CO2/km performance, fuel consumption, and relative carbon emission performance. The label also shows the car banding under the CEVS and corresponding rebate or surcharge to encourage consumers to shift to more fuel efficient and lower carbon emission models.

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