Russia: Heavy-duty: Emissions

Overview

As of 2016, all vehicle sales and registrations in Russia must meet Euro V standards (although Euro V was in place for new vehicle sales in 2014). Russia has used the Euro standards but has lagged Europe in their implementation.

Standard type
Conventional pollutant emission limits

Regulating Body
Federal Agency for Technical Regulating and Metrology (Ростехрегулирование)

Current Standard
Euro V

Applicability

All motor vehicles with a “technically permissible maximum laden mass” over 3,500 kg, equipped with compression ignition engines or positive ignition natural gas (NG) or (liquified petroleum gas) LPG engines

History

Russia follows the European Union (EU) system of vehicle tailpipe emission standards, although implementation has been 6-10 years behind the EU. Official Implementation of the Euro track in Russia began with Euro II in 2006. Euro I trucks were encouraged to be introduced as early as 1996, though there was no Governmental Decree and the timetable was not followed by manufacturers.

The Special Technical Regulations on Requirements for Emissions of Hazardous (Polluting) Substances by Vehicles, Resolution No. 609, and its subsequent amendments, establish the timeline for implementation of emission standards. These standards harmonize with EU standards and apply to both imported vehicles and those produced in Russia.

The timeline for introduction of EU heavy-duty vehicle tailpipe emission standards in Russia is shown in the following table:

Emission Regulations for Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Standard Implementation Date
(new vehicle type approvals)
Implementation Date
(all vehicle sales and registrations)
Reference Legislation
Euro II January 2006 Content equivalent to Ecological Class 2 (ECE R49.02 Stage 2)
Euro III January 2008 Content equivalent to Ecological Class 3 (ECE R49.04-A)
Euro IV January 2010 January 2013 Content equivalent to Ecological Class 4 (ECE R49.04-B1)
Euro V January 2014 January 2016 Content equivalent to Ecological Class 5 (ECE R49.04-B2 C)

Techinical Standards

MAR-I emission limits are phased in from 2015 to 2019. The implementation dates depend on the power category and type of machinery (construction or farm). Noise emission limits apply from 2015 for certain types of construction machinery with engines rated below 500 kW.

MAR-I Emission Standards for Nonroad Engines

Rated Power Date CO NOx+HC PM
kW Construction Farming g/kWh
130 ≤ P ≤ 560 January 2015 January 2017 3.5 4.0 0.2
75 ≤ P < 130 January 2015 January 2017 5.0 4.0 0.3
37 ≤ P < 75 January 2015 January 2019 5.0 4.7 0.4
19 ≤ P < 37 January 2017 January 2019 5.5 7.5 0.6

Emissions are measured in accordance with ISO 8178-1.

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