Indonesia: Motorcycles: Emissions

Overview

Euro 3 standards have applied to all sales of new motorcycles with engine displacement greater than 50 cubic centimeters since August 2015. Three-wheelers and other motorcycles are subject to Euro 2 standards, although enforcement is uncertain for smaller motorcycles given the lack of an implementation date for in-production vehicles.

Standard type
Conventional pollutant emission limits

Regulating Body
Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Menlhk – Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan)

Applicability
New and current production two- and three-wheeler types

History

Maximum permissible emission limits for new 2- and 3-wheeler vehicle types and current production imported or domestically assembled vehicles were first established by MoEF Decree No.141/2003 on 23 September 2003. The regulation required new two- and three- wheeler vehicle types to meet Euro 2 standards beginning 1 January 2005, and current production vehicles with 4- and 2-stroke engines to meet Euro 2 standards beginning 1 July 2006 and 1 January 2007, respectively.

The amendment of that regulation, implemented via MoEF Regulation No.04/2009, eliminated the mandate for current production vehicles to meet the standard.

MoEF Regulation No.10/2012, which was then updated by MoEF Regulation No.23/2012, upgraded the emission standard for new and current production motorcycle (2-wheeler vehicles with engine displacement >50cm3) types to Euro 3, implemented 1 August 2013 for new types and 1 August 2015 for current production vehicles.

Key progress in Indonesia’s implementation of motorcycle emission standards is summarized below:

Standard Implementation Date (type approval) Implementation Date (all sales and registrations)
Euro 2 1 Jan 2005 1 Jul 2006 (4-stroke engines)(1)
1 Jul 2007 (2-stroke engines)(1)
Euro 3(2) 1 Aug 2013 1 Aug 2015
Notes:
(1) The mandate for current production vehicles to meet the standard was eliminated via MoEF Regulation no.4/2009
(2) The Euro 3 standard only applies to 2-wheeler vehicles with engine displacement >50cm3

Technical Standards

Indonesian emission requirements for two- and three-wheeler vehicles are summarized in the following table.

Emission Standards for Two- and Three- Wheeler Vehicles
Category Reference Standard CO HC NOx Test Cycle
(g/km)
L1 Euro 2 1.0 1.2(1) ECE R 47
L2 Euro 2 3.5 1.2(1) ECE R 47
L3 < 150cm3 Euro 3 2.0 0.8 0.15 ECE R 40 UDC mode (cold start)
L3 ≥ 150cm3 Euro 3 2.0 0.3 0.15 ECE R 40 UDC+EUDC mode (cold start)
L4 and L5 gasoline Euro 2 7.0 1.5 0.4 ECE R 40
L4 and L5 diesel Euro 2 2.0 1.0 0.65 ECE R 40
Notes:
(1) Total HC + NOx.
L1: Two-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement ≤50cm3 and design maximum speed ≤50km/hr
L2: Three-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement ≤50cm3 and design maximum speed ≤50km/hr
L3: Two-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr
L4: Three-wheeled vehicle with assymetric wheel configuration and engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr (motorcycle + trolley)
L5: Three-wheeled vehicle with symetric wheel configuration and engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr

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