Euro 3 standards have applied to all sales of new motorcycles with engine displacement greater than 50 cubic centimeters since August 2015. Three-wheelers and other motorcycles are subject to Euro 2 standards, although enforcement is uncertain for smaller motorcycles given the lack of an implementation date for in-production vehicles.
Conventional pollutant emission limits
Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Menlhk – Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan)
New and current production two- and three-wheeler types
Maximum permissible emission limits for new 2- and 3-wheeler vehicle types and current production imported or domestically assembled vehicles were first established by MoEF Decree No.141/2003 on 23 September 2003. The regulation required new two- and three- wheeler vehicle types to meet Euro 2 standards beginning 1 January 2005, and current production vehicles with 4- and 2-stroke engines to meet Euro 2 standards beginning 1 July 2006 and 1 January 2007, respectively.
The amendment of that regulation, implemented via MoEF Regulation No.04/2009, eliminated the mandate for current production vehicles to meet the standard.
MoEF Regulation No.10/2012, which was then updated by MoEF Regulation No.23/2012, upgraded the emission standard for new and current production motorcycle (2-wheeler vehicles with engine displacement >50cm3) types to Euro 3, implemented 1 August 2013 for new types and 1 August 2015 for current production vehicles.
Key progress in Indonesia’s implementation of motorcycle emission standards is summarized below:
|Standard||Implementation Date (type approval)||Implementation Date (all sales and registrations)|
|Euro 2||1 Jan 2005||1 Jul 2006 (4-stroke engines)(1)
1 Jul 2007 (2-stroke engines)(1)
|Euro 3(2)||1 Aug 2013||1 Aug 2015|
(1) The mandate for current production vehicles to meet the standard was eliminated via MoEF Regulation no.4/2009
(2) The Euro 3 standard only applies to 2-wheeler vehicles with engine displacement >50cm3
Indonesian emission requirements for two- and three-wheeler vehicles are summarized in the following table.
|Category||Reference Standard||CO||HC||NOx||Test Cycle|
|L1||Euro 2||1.0||1.2(1)||ECE R 47|
|L2||Euro 2||3.5||1.2(1)||ECE R 47|
|L3 < 150cm3||Euro 3||2.0||0.8||0.15||ECE R 40 UDC mode (cold start)|
|L3 ≥ 150cm3||Euro 3||2.0||0.3||0.15||ECE R 40 UDC+EUDC mode (cold start)|
|L4 and L5 gasoline||Euro 2||7.0||1.5||0.4||ECE R 40|
|L4 and L5 diesel||Euro 2||2.0||1.0||0.65||ECE R 40|
(1) Total HC + NOx.
L1: Two-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement ≤50cm3 and design maximum speed ≤50km/hr
L2: Three-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement ≤50cm3 and design maximum speed ≤50km/hr
L3: Two-wheeled vehicle with engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr
L4: Three-wheeled vehicle with asymmetric wheel configuration and engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr (motorcycle + trolley)
L5: Three-wheeled vehicle with symmetric wheel configuration and engine displacement >50cm3 or design maximum speed >50km/hr