Australia: Fuels: Biofuels

Overview

Australia has a biodiesel standard and an E85 standard that are distinct from its other fuel standards, with parameters for constituent fuel elements (sulfur, carbon residue) that were implemented in 2003.

Standard type
Biofuel quality standards

Applicability
Production and use of E85 and biodiesel as transport fuels in Australia

History

Australia has developed a fuel standard for biodiesel under their Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000. It is referred to as Fuel Standard (Biodiesel) Determination 2003, as seen below. While the technical requirements of this standard include limits that are found in both ASTM D6751 and EN 14214, it is identical to neither of these. The Australian biodiesel standard could therefore be viewed as being substantially different from both ASTM D6751 and EN 14214.

Development of the biodiesel standard began in 2002 and was completed when the standard was codified in 2003.

Australia has also developed detailed technical requirements for E85.

Technical Standards

 

Australian Biodiesel Specifications
Parameter Value Test Method Date
Sulfur, max 50 mg/kg
10 mg/kg
ASTM D5453 18 Sep 2003
1 Feb 2006
Density 860-890 kg/m3 ASTM D1298 or
EN ISO 3675
18 Sep 2003
Distillation T90, max 360°C ASTM D1160 18 Sep 2003
Sulfated ash, max 0.020% mass ASTM D874 18 Sep 2003
Viscosity 3.5-5.0 mm2/s @ 40°C ASTM D445 18 Sep 2003
Flashpoint, min 120°C ASTM D93 18 Sep 2003
Carbon residue, max
– 10% distillation residue, or
– 100% distillation sample
0.30 % mass
0.050 % mass
EN ISO 10370
ASTM D4530
18 Sep 2003
Water and sediment, max 0.050% vol ASTM D2709 18 Sep 2003
Ester content, min 96.5% mass prEN 14103 18 Sep 2003
Phosphorus, max 10 mg/kg ASTM D4951 18 Sep 2003
Acid value, max 0.80 mg KOH/g ASTM D664 18 Sep 2003
Total contamination, max 24 mg/kg EN 12662
ASTM D5452
18 Sep 2004
Free glycerol, max 0.020% mass ASTM D6584 18 Sep 2004
Total glycerol, max 0.250% mass ASTM D6584 18 Sep 2004
Oxidation stability, min 6 hours @ 110°C prEN 14112 or
ASTM D2274
(as relevant for biodiesel)
18 Sep 2004
Metals ≤ 5 mg/kg Group I (Na, K)
≤ 5 mg/kg Group II (Ca, Mg)
prEN 14108
prEN 14109 (Group I)
prEN 14538 (Group II)
18 Sep 2004
Methanol < 0.20% mass prEN 14110 18 Dec 2004
Copper strip corrosion (3 hrs @50°C), max If the biodiesel contains no more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur: Class 1

If the biodiesel contains more than 10 mg/kg of sulfur: No. 3

EN ISO 2160
ASTM D130ASTM D130
18 Dec 2004
Cetane number, min 51.0 EN ISO 5165
ASTM D613
ASTM D6890
IP 498/03
18 Sep 2005

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